Solid State Drive vs. Hard Drive

When it comes to buying a new laptop, you will need to make the choice between Solid State Drive vs. Hard Drive. Both methods of storage and functionality have their advantages so let’s take a look and find out more.

What is the difference between Solid state Drive and hard Drive?

Both SSD and HDD do the same job. They boot your system and store applications and your personal files.

The Hard Drive is the traditional method of computer storage and although the size of these have reduced and the storage space they can provide has increased, the principle has remained the same since the early days of computing. The hard drive is a physical spinning metal plate in your computer. It stores all your information onto this plate so this is held on your computer whether it is on or it is off.

Solid state drive is a far more recent development, first being seen in the rise of netbooks in the early 2000s. This type of storage does not have any moving parts and instead information is stored on a series of interconnected flash memory chips.  Because some SSDs have a very limited memory capacity, users can exceed storage space very quickly so the idea is that you store your information on the cloud.

SSD Speed vs. HDD speed.

SSD is undeniably faster than HDD. It boots faster, launches apps and programs faster and has a faster operating speed. HDD by comparison can get filled up very fast if your data exceeds your storage space. When this happens the drive can suffer from fragmentation where the data has to be stored in the available space on the drive which is not necessarily in the same block of data. The drive then will be slower because the computer has to access all these pieces of data and put them all together.

HDD is better if you need to store a lot of data.

If you need to store a lot of data such as films or your complete music collection HDD may be better because you have all this information in place on your own computer rather than stored in the cloud.

HDD is cheaper too and you do get a lot of bang for your buck when it comes to storage space.

SDD by contrast is rarely available at over 2TB and these larger memory capabilities are very expensive when compared with HDD.

In conclusion

SDD is the way of the future. It is fast working and with fewer moving parts in your computer, performance is generally faster and better. In addition if you carry your laptop around and are generally not very careful, it is less likely to go wrong than HDD with its spinning plate storage.

However if you are working to a budget and need storage without necessarily subscribing to cloud storage, HDD is still a good option for many.

What is the Dark Web (and is it real?)

The Dark Web is one of those things that everyone has heard of and although it does exist, only a small percentage of internet users actually use it. According to statistics, the Dark Web accounts for around 5% of all web space.

There is a lot of misinformation about the Dark Web. One reputable news organisation claimed that the Dark Web took up over 90% of all web space. However this is not strictly true. This confusion has been caused by a misunderstanding of the term Deep Web. This refers to online content which is hidden to online searches but includes mundane functions such as your email messages, medical records, bank statements and web forums where registration is required. Deep Web is not the same as the Dark web but does often get confused because of the name similarity.

So what is the Dark Web and what is it for?

The Dark Web is a collection of websites that use anonymity tools, usually Tor and 12P to hide their IP addresses. Sites on the Dark Web often deal with dark illegal matters such as child pornography, selling illegal drugs, weapons and anything else that is outside the law. One famous dark web site was Silk Road which has now been taken down by the FBI. This site provided a platform for selling and for buying drugs online and the founder Ross Ulbricht has since become the subject of a movie. Silk Road was described as the Amazon store of drug sites.

So how do you access the Dark Web?

To access the Dark Web you need to download the Tor Browser which enables anonymous browsing. This is free but is extremely clunky to use because each search will go through a series of proxy servers across the world in order to make your IP address untraceable. According to users it is maddeningly slow.

Dark web sites look the same as any other website (apart from the content which can often be questionable). The main difference is that whereas most websites end in .com or .co, dark web sites end in .onion. The names of the site are also encrypted too and may just be a series of numbers and letters. However if a site ends in .onion, it is operating on the dark web.

So is the Dark Web used only for illegal purposes?

The Dark Web is mainly used for illegal purposes so a browse through this world throws up plenty of opportunities for criminal activity such as buying credit cards, guns, drugs and more. Often sites will disappear overnight so if you do buy something from a dodgy site you can’t always rely that you will actually receive your items and not lose your money.

But there is more to the Dark Web than crime alone.

The Dark Web provides a platform where you can communicate without being tracked so has been used by whistle blowers who would be rightly worried about attracting surveillance.  And with the vast amount of information held by Google and companies like Facebook on all of us, we can see the attraction of using the Dark Web which does at least assure anonymity for all its users.

How Does Royalty-Free Music Licensing Work?

Using music on your video clubs, film projects or website can be complicated. If you use a popular song from a well-known performer, you are likely to have your video or site taken down for an infringement of copyright.  And even if you just want to use a song without permission just as background music for your home videos, it will be removed very quickly if it comes to the attention of the platform. 

Music licensing is a complicated subject and one that preoccupies the music industry and their teams of lawyers.  So for many website owners, film makers and youtubers, the big question is just how do you find the right music for your video or website without contravening any licensing laws? The answer is to use royalty free music licensing. 

What is Royalty Free Music Licensing?

A Royalty free license enables you to use a piece of music time and again without paying royalties to the artist for each play. It is important to point out here that Royalty Free does not mean that the music is necessarily free to use (although some is). 

It means that the music is free from royalty payments to the artist for each individual play and instead you pay an upfront fee for the music. The great thing about a royalty free license is that you are covered by this regardless of how many times the music is played. 

If you were to use a piece of music that was not royalty free , such as for a TV ad that used a popular song for example , the artist would receive a royalty payment for each time the advertisement aired. 

By contrast, a royalty free license enables you to play the same music thousands of times over years without paying any more than your initial one off fee. 

You can find royalty free music on line. Artlist Music Licensing For Video often abbreviated to Artlist, is a company that provides royalty free music and SFX to anyone who needs to make videos and movies.  

Checking out the Artlist site is easy and fun. You can refine your searches by mood: uplifting, fun, epic, powerful etc. You can also search via theme, instrument and genre. 

Once you have decided upon your music (or SFX) you sign up for the license. Artlist provides everything you need to broadcast and play music legally, and as the website says “all the music is yours to use forever”. 

With an Artlist subscription you can download and use an unlimited amount of music and the license covers everything. There are three pricing options available:

  • Music and SFX costs $25 per month
  • Music costs $16.60 per month
  • SFX costs $12.41 per month

What about free royalty free music? 

If you don’t want to pay for royalty free music licensing, there are sites out there which offer to provide free royalty free music in return for a credit (a link back to the website).  

However in most cases these come with strings attached over usage restrictions and you will have to pay for a pro license if your video becomes popular or is used on the national media. 

Museum Alive App Brings Extinct Creatures into Your Home

The Museum Alive App is a fascinating phone app that brings the prehistoric world and many of its extinct creatures, into your home quite literally. 

The Museum Alive app comes from the Natural History Museum in London and is an extension of their 3 D CGI movie. This 90 minute movie experience brings the exhibits to life in the museum and is collaboration between experts and curators of the museum with some stunningly advanced CGI techniques. 

As an extension, the Museum Alive app is even more impressive. It uses Augmented Reality (AR technology) so instead of viewing the exhibits on a screen, they are bought to life in 3 D glory on any surface in your home such as the floor or a table. 

To use the app, you find a flat surface and then pinch and zoom the image to the right size. Then the habitat comes to life on your table or any other flat surface, bringing these animals right into your home. Viewing extinct animals moving around in your home, rather than on a screen is a weird experience. 

And the fact that the 3 d animation is accompanied by the unmistakeable voice of Sir David Attenborough adds even more reality. Because he is so closely associated with high quality nature documentaries, it is hard to believe that these extinct creatures are actually an animation rather than created via real live filming.

You can use the app to drive the animation. If you move your phone you will see a new viewpoint of the animal and can move it around for 360 degrees detail. Exciting encounters are bought to life such as a sabre tooth Smiledon hunting its unsuspecting prey. The fact that this action takes place on your table makes it even more compelling and remarkable. 

The Museum Alive app is a great experience but so far is fairly limited. At the time of writing there are only three AR exhibits although more are promised later, including the Dodo. 

The Museum Alive app costs just $2.99. It is totally worth the low cost even if just for the novelty of seeing 3 D in your home. That said, the app is extremely interesting and recreates the prehistoric habitat as well as the animals and is something that is certainly going to delight everyone who sees it. 

Google Has to Start Paying Publishers for News

Google has always occupied a unique position when it comes to publishing the news. The company has never paid for anything it could obtain for free so have simply ripped off and recycled new stories with impunity, without paying a dime, cent or penny to the original publisher.

After all, the purpose of Google is not to actually provide any real information to anyone. Instead any news stories they publish are solely as a way to generate advertising content. 

And although the links to the original publisher are usually present, because you can get the gist of the story via Google rewriting, the result is that most browsers stay on the page and use Google’s version of the news as their main resource for news.

Recently Google has tried to clean up their act and gain more credibility in the publishing world. They launched a new initiative in 2020 with the Google News Showcase, paying $1 billion to publishers in the US for licensed content. 

The scheme was first rolled out in the US but has spread to other countries across the world, including the UK, Germany, France and Australia. 

In the UK, The Google Showcase was launched in February 2021 meaning that for the first time the tech giant will have to pay for their news sources. Participating publishing companies include international news agency Reuters and the Financial Times. Other companies in other countries have followed suit. 

For consumers, this means that when you click on a news story, you will be taken to the publisher’s site in order to read the news article in its entirety and in its original format.

 Google has negotiated with publishers who use a firewall to protect their content, making more available to users who will no longer have to go through the rigmarole of signing up for a free trial or paying for content. 

Worldwide, Google has convinced 450 news publications to produce content for Google News Showcase. 

This comes at the end of a long running battle between Google and some of the participating countries. Only three years ago Australia insisted that Google should pay publishers for news content and were warned by the tech giant that if they proceeded, Google would be made unavailable to Australian users. 

The move towards Google paying for news content has long been overdue. So this news that the Google Showcase will finally credit the work of the various publishing houses is certainly welcome. 

What Happened During the GameStop Hearing?

The Game stop hearing has certainly raised a lot of questions surrounding investment and the way that ordinary people can change the economic climate. The wide ranging hearing lasted over 5 hours and saw investment platforms criticised for their role in the GameStop rush on stock which took place in January 2021.

The GameStop rush inflated the price of stock for a few days and almost crashed the stock market. Today GameStop stock has plummeted by 80% so anyone who felt they could get rich by playing the markets, without understanding any of it, have certainly lost the bulk of their investment.

Robinhood the trading app at the heart of the trading frenzy was singled out for special criticism. 

Company CEO Vlad Tenev had to apologise for Robinhood’s performance during the crisis, including the policy to restrict trading in stock of GameStop and other largely overlooked companies which were targeted by amateur traders organizing on social media. 

The decision, and similar ones by other online brokers, interfered with the integrity of the trading process. It caught the wannabee investors off guard, and drew a rash of lawsuits, provoking outrage from lawmakers in both parties.

The Game Stop hearing featured testimonies from all the major players. Keith Gill the trader known as roaring kitty on YouTube who started the whole frenzy, Reddit co-founder Steve Hoffman and the CEOs of major investment companies including Citadel and Mervin Capital all faced criticism and are likely to face further investigation by the law makers. 

However it was Robinhood and Vlad Tenet who were singled out for most of the blame. According to the Court, Robinhood has been the company to profit most from the Game Stop mania because the app makes it money from transaction fees. These are hidden from the customer, creating the illusion that Robinhood enables trading for free. 

Republican senator Cindy Axne (D-Iowa) was among those who called the arrangement a conflict of interest that disadvantages the users Robinhood says it exists to empower, Saying to Tenev that” the app’s users “aren’t your customers, they’re your product,”

Tenev acknowledged that Robinhood generates the majority of its revenue from the deals but disputed Axne’s characterization, arguing its business model “has become the industry standard for a reason. It’s because it’s good for customers,” and allows them to trade for free. “

This fact was disputed in the court for a long time getting nowhere as Tenev defended the Robinhood business model and the senators insisting that it was misleading to customers.

A more sombre note entered the courtroom when Tenev was asked about the tragic death of a 20 year old customer last year. Alex Kearns died by suicide last year after being hassled by Robinhood for having a negative balance of $703,000 and being faced with a bill of $178,000. It turned out that this was an accounting error but despite Kearns trying to contact Robinhood he was unable to reach out and eventually took his own life.

Our Reviews of Website Building Tools

Website building tools can be a great option if you want to create your own website yourself. Doing it yourself will save you the cost of hiring a professional  and it does enable you to build the site exactly how you want and to your own design. However the secret to success is finding the one you can work with and if you are a beginner, it needs to be easy to use. 

Let’s take a quick look at some of the website building tools out there, from some of the more established brands such as WordPress to new web building products such as Karta

WordPress is the basic building platform offered by WordPress. There is also which offers more power but is technically more demanding. 

WordPress .com is not the easiest web builder on the market to use. It does require that you have a basic understanding of basic coding in order to maximise the site and novices may struggle with using it. However it is perfect for users who have some technical confidence and is suitable for all types of site from basic blogging to large commercial enterprises. Price options range from free to $45 per month depending on your package. 


Wix is easy to use so is a great choice, using simple drag and drop editing tools plus a range of great features. Wix features 500 templates that you can customise but beware; once the site goes live you will not be able to change the basic design.

Wix is a good choice for beginners because of its easy usability. In addition there are eight different payment plans starting at $14 per month plus a free option. This means you could try it out for free and then upgrade to a paid plan once you are satisfied. 


Squarepress is a fantastic web builder if you want your website to display a creative and unique interface with plenty of fully customised extras. The template designs are considered the best in the industry so this is a great choice if you want a visually impressive website. 

Squarepress is not as easy to use as Wix and there is no free option. However you do get a free 14 day trial so you can try it out cost free. After that, there is a range of 4 premium plans which start at $14.99 per month. 


Karta is a new kid on the block when it comes to web building but it already attracting a lot of positive attention. Karta is easy to use, employing drag and drop technology similar to Wix. There are hundreds of templates to choose from and is easily customised with other technology such as video links, check out software and more. It also gives you a place to store leads and helps you arrange your marketing information. 

Karta is suitable for beginners – you don’t need to understand coding and there is a high level support on offer from the help desk. There is no free option but you can choose between a range of options that start at $99. There is also a limited offer that enables you to try the site for a month for only $1.00

Karta is a good choice for a business website, but is not suitable for a private blog site. 

Who Invented GPS Technology?

The Global Positioning System or GPS has transformed the way we view the world. Originally GPS was used for military purposes. Later it became an essential lifesaving tool for adventurers, yachts people or anyone who might need rescuing and was extremely expensive.

Now we have GPS just about everywhere. It is on our phones free of charge, tracking our movements and informing us if there is a pizza restaurant nearby. It helps us avoid getting lost, route finding and a thousand and one other applications which have crept in over time.

So who invented GPS Technology? Can this momentous invention ever have been created by just one person? Let’s take a look.

The truth is that it can be hard to pin down the true inventor so if you want to know who invented GPS Technology it can be difficult to find out. The technology was developed by the US Military; However GPS was also being worked on in the UK from the Cold War onwards. Did the two nations share their research and technology? Were other countries like Russia also developing their own GPS technology elsewhere?

There is no record that they did however, we do know that in the UK, scientists and engineers were working on global positioning as far back as the 1960s although there is no record of this now and the research was protected by the Official Secrets Act.

Who invented GPS technology according to the USA?

A cold war scientist called Robert Easton worked on many inventions of the time. He invented a time based navigational aid called TIMATION which used passive ranging, circular orbits, and space-borne high precision clocks synchronized to a master clock.  These features are vital in any modern GPS.

Robert Easton was credited with this invention in 2004 when he was awarded the United States National Medal of Technology and Innovation. This honor was awarded in recognition of “extensive pioneering achievements in spacecraft tracking, navigation, and timing technology that led to the development of the NAVSTAR-Global Positioning System.”

Two other US scientists were also credited with inventing GPS. So it seems that who invented GPS technology depends on whom you ask.

These were Dr Ivan Getting and Bradford Parkinson who both were instrumental in inventing the NAVESTAr Global positioning system. There have been some disputes about this led by the son of Robert Easton who has always attested that the invention came from his father alone.

How Did GameStop Stock Rise and Plunge So Suddenly in Early February?

GameStop is a well-known fixture of the US Shopping Mall, selling video games, consoles and other gaming paraphernalia. And because the Coronavirus has forcibly closed the stores plus gamers tend to buy online and download games direct to their computers, it has been likened to the Blockbuster Video rental stores and HMV.

The feeling on the street was that GameStop’s days were numbered because the store is increasingly looking like an anachronism. After all why bother leaving your room to go to the store when you can buy your latest game or latest piece of tech online, along with your pizza?

At the beginning of February, something strange started happening with GameStop stock. Everyone started buying GameStop stock in a move that has been described as the storming of the Capitol in January. The rush to buy GameStop stocks was fuelled by gamers’ favourite forum Reddit and quickly spread across the internet.

The prime mover in the GameStop buying craze was started by Reddit user and industry watcher Keith Gill. His rationale for buying stock in Game Stop was that the company had underlying strengths such as a loyal customer base and reward system plus a new set of board members with a background in ecommerce. He felt that the falling price of GameStop shares made the company a good choice for investment so passed this on to Reddit users.

This was not the reason why GameStop stock went through the roof. Most people buying GameStop did not consider the reasons for buying, because it became a movement, similar to a meme and the craze affected people who had never previously considered buying stocks and shares but wanted to get in on the action.

Many gamers found it amusing to invest in GameStop and like the storming of the Capitol, it seemed to represent an idea of “sticking it to the man” in a populist idea of gaining control over the stock market.

The GameStop buying frenzy has had a negative effect upon the companies who bet on GameStop’s failure. Instead of reaping the profits of shorting GameStop, investment companies such as Melvin Capital lost billions of dollars overnight. Do we care? Not really. How does this really affect any of us “ordinary “people and benefit the economy?

The stock market is always volatile and unpredictable. And although many people invest in a company based on knowledge of market trends and political upheavals, the way the market moves is often driven by feelings and desires that cannot be rationalised.

The rise of GameStop is probably over now, and the wave of investment has slowed. Will any of these amateur investors make money from their GameStop shares? It is impossible to say.

Robinhood an investment brokerage has been accused of encouraging amateur investors to invest via their app which works pretty much like any gambling app on the market with lively graphics and gamification. Is this a bad thing for the economy? Stocks and shares is a gamble and has been likened to a game so why not make it accessible and fun for everyone?

One interesting point about the GameStop craze is that it completely derailed the established stock market for a few days.  If it has made the establishment nervous, all those Game Stop investors will probably think it has all been worth it.

How Has New Technology Affected the Modern Workplace?

New technology has affected the modern workplace in numerous ways but all it depends upon how far you want to go back in time because people have been asking this same question for decades!

How has new technology affected the modern workplace? Ask this question at the beginning of the last century, the answer probably would have been those new-fangled typewriters! (For younger readers this was like a keyboard and did nothing else).

Fax machines, Word Processors, Dictaphones, telephones; all new technology has had its moment in the sun. And although new technology today has had a massive impact on the workplace, this is an ongoing development rather than an end result.

The truth is that like the new technology of the past, our new technology of the present will one day look dated and quaint rather than cutting edge and modern.

A big step to today’s modern office was the rise of the paperless system. It might be surprising to know that email communication did not really become mainstream until about 20 years ago saving time and money on communication. In addition at about the same time many companies began to store records on the computer, doing away with the need for filing cabinets and the job of a filing clerk!

So how has new technology affected the modern workplace today? One of the biggest changes to the work environment must be the rise of working from home rather than the office. This has been made possible by instant communication methods such as video conferencing by technologies such as Zoom and Microsoft Teams which enables the virtual office to function in a similar way as before while enabling employees to stay in their homes.

In addition cloud services makes work collaboration possible. This technology enables a whole virtual team to work on the same project in real time in the same way as you could work together in your office.

Today’s modern technology has also done away with the need for permanent employees. With the rise of the gig economy, companies can hire freelance workers online to work on their projects.

For the company this cuts costs and reduces the need to provide any workplace benefits such as healthcare. For the people working in the gig economy there are advantages too but this method of self-employment does not provide any basic protection or benefits such as holiday pay or sick pay.

How has new technology affected the workplace when it comes to customer service?

For customers, new technology can make contacting any company increasingly difficult. Most companies outsource their call centres so if you do have a complex enquiry, it can be hard to find the right professional to help you.

We have all had the experience of waiting in line for the next available operative and although we are always urged to use the website, in many cases this does not provide the instant results that could be once achieved by picking up the phone and calling your local branch – such in the case of your bank.