What’s the Oldest Type of Technology?

The word technology comes from the Greek words Techne meaning art and craft, and logos meaning speech or words. Originally the term meant a speech about arts and craft and when the word first appeared in English in around the 17th century, it kept to its original meaning. 

It wasn’t until the 20th century that technology came to mean, “The means or activity by which man seeks to change or manipulate his environment.” So although the way that we understand technology today means that we can look back throughout human history and see all the technological advances that humankind has made this idea of technology as we know it today, did not exist 200 years ago. 

The beginnings of human technology date back to the Stone Age where humans began to make tools from stone, such as axes and flint knives. It is important to remember that some animals also use stones and sticks and it is likely that humans did the same until they began to refine these natural materials and make them into tools. 

The Neanderthal people were proficient stone tool users and examples have been uncovered that date back to 70,000 BCE. Nobody knows whether they also used wood or constructed simple dwellings because none of these have survived throughout this vast expanse of time.

By the Neolithic age (3500 BCE), humankind was making pottery, jewellery, tools and beginning to crease their nomadic lifestyle and develop farming practices. They used plows and grinding stones for wheat so also developed bread and other modern day practices, living in towns together rather than roaming the landscape and following the herds of wild animals they used for food.

Nobody knows how any of these advancements were discovered or by whom. But gradually over the space of thousands of years, humankind developed previous inventions and technology, refining them and turning them in to something better.

The Neolithic age in Europe has been defined by their mysterious stone monuments and stone circles such as Stonehenge. Scientists still do not understand how or why so many of these were constructed. To create Stonehenge, the vast stones needed to be transported many miles and the laws of physics and astronomy employed to position them into their final resting place. Even today modern people would struggle with this task so whatever technology the Ancients used it was certainly effective. 

Defining the oldest type of technology is actually impossible. Was it the use of sticks and stones and other natural materials as tools that were used in hunting and other human activities? Is this the first type of technology? Or was it when humans took a natural object and worked on it so that the tool became something suitable for an exact purpose that humankind could use?

Scientists and archaeologists cannot agree and there are no real answers but one thing is sure; human technology has been in operation since the first person sharpened a stone or a stick and that dates back to at least 70,000 years before the dawn of history as we know it. 

Facebook Launches Special Glasses to Play Video Games

Sometimes it seems as if we are already living in a weird Sci Fi reality. Facebook has planned to increase this mood with their special glasses designed to augment reality.

The AR glasses are being produced in partnership with Facebook and Rayban and they look like ordinary Raybans with an additional LED light button, plus a slick button on the side. Called Rayban Stories, they can be paired with either IOS or Android and you control them via your phone in the same way as any wearable tech such as the Apple watch.

The glasses come with a smart case that enables you to charge them and keep them protected when you are on the go.

The first generation glasses are already on sale. They cost $299 USD and are available in 20 style choices including Rayban classic frames such as Wayfarers, Aviators and more. They are available in stores and online in the US as well as Australia, Canada, Ireland, Italy, and the UK.

So what can you do with the smart glasses?

According to Facebook, they enable you to take pictures from the unique perspective of your eyeline. You can also use them to listen to music and speak to people via the smart built in speakers. The technology accepts Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, Messenger, Twitter, TikTok, Snapchat, and more.

You can also make 30 second videos and share immediately online. In fact you can do most things via the glasses as you could do via a smart phone. Predominantly designed for social media, if you like posting your life online, it makes it fast, easy and hassle free.

You can’t see images through the glasses that are not really there. So you can’t transform your daily commute into a rainforest for example, but undoubtedly this will come.

In addition you can’t use the glasses to play video games and see all the action unfold in front of your eyes. Again we will probably get to this in the future but so far this function is not available.

Rayban Stories were launched on September 9th 2021 and surprisingly there has been very little fanfare. But if you are a fan of wearable technology and you like wearing cool sunglasses, these smart glasses will undoubtedly be top of many people’s Christmas list.

Only time will tell as to whether the smart glasses will really become as popular as smart phones. We think it is unlikely right now but with the move to put everything online and stay connected 100% of the day, it is highly possible that we will all be wearing these in the future.

Top Apps and Online Language Learning School

It is great to learn a language. Not only is this a fantastic skill that will help you communicate when you are travelling, it is good for your brain too. Neuroscientists say that learning a second language improves mental capabilities and memory and can even stave off dementia so is certainly something we should all be embracing. Luckily there are numerous online language tutors out there to help. So let’s take a look at some of them.

Pimsleur: this offers a traditional method of language learning in that it gives you the fundamentals of grammar. It also provides plenty of conversational practice and requires that you listen to audio clips and repeat them until they are right. According to language experts, Pimsleur is more rigorous than many of the competitors and with 50 languages on offer it is ideal for getting a baseline understanding. It costs $15 per month so offers good value for money.

Duolingo: This is a free app although there is a paid version. Duolingo gives you idiomatic expressions and introduces vocabulary , so it would be useful if you were planning a vacation and wanted to manage day to day requirements However it doesn’t provide any explanation of grammar so you will not get very far unless you combine it with other language learning methods.

Babbel: This is more challenging than Duolingo so expect a steep learning curve. That said if you stick at it, you will acquire a reasonable level of language. The first lesson is free and after that it costs $12.95 for a month or $8.95 per month if you sign up for three months.

Italki: This app offers one to one conversation online in 150 languages. You get to talk to people around the world and have access to your online language tutors where you can discuss a range of topics in your language of choice. Italki is inexpensive, ranging from $6 to $25 for an hour lesson.

Idlewild: This is a 7 week course that costs $295. Paying this will keep you focused on learning your language and this course does provide you with opportunities for deep learning. There are 7 classes a week via Zoom, taken by native language speakers and each class has a maximum of 10 students. The classes are aimed at a range of learners from basic to advanced and if you are serious about learning a language, Idlewild will deliver. Online language tutors with Idlewild deliver the experience of classroom learning into your home and will help you brush up or learn any of the major European languages.

Netflix: This is not a language learning app but with so many foreign language films and TV shows hosted on the site, it is a great way to enjoy the language and culture of your chosen country. Using Netflix in combination with a language app is a great way to become more fluent in language learning!

What to Look for in a Podcast Camera

Podcasts have long been an audio medium but today an increasing number of podcasters are now live streaming their content in video too. This means that if you are already a podcaster or you fancy trying it out for yourself you will now have to add a podcast camera to your equipment.

So what do you need to look for in a podcast camera? We checked out some consumer guides and podcast experts to find out where to start.

Record Time: make sure your podcast camera has a long recording time. Many cameras automatically switch off after 30 minutes so ensure that this automatic cut off function can be disabled, otherwise it will destroy the flow of the podcast if it cuts out and you have to switch it back on again.

Battery life: This is equally important. You will need to set up the camera and equipment and you may run through a couple of times before you get it right. You need to know your battery life can keep your camera on, or you will face lengthy details for recharging.

Live Stream Capabilities: Can you carry out live streaming with your podcast camera? Podcasts are very immediate and enable your audience to interact and engage with you. To live stream a video you will need to stream to your laptop or smart phone via wifi or by using an HDMI cable. It is important that your podcast camera has the capabilities to use at least one of these functions. You might not be ready for live streaming yet, but it is something that you will probably want to do in the future.

High Resolution: Picture quality is important and even though it can be daunting to see your own face in high resolution, we have all become accustomed to viewing in high picture resolution. Make sure you choose a podcast camera that delivers the best viewing experience possible. The minimum should be 1080p and with the popularity of 4K, if your podcast camera can record in Ultra HD, so much the better.

There are some great podcast cameras on the market right now which will deliver these capabilities and your choice will come down to your budget and your own personal preferences. So it is very important to carry out research before you buy, or it could be an expensive mistake.

Other points to think about for video pod casting

Remember too that your other equipment is equally important so your podcast camera is only part of the kit you need for video pod casting.

As well as your audio equipment, you will now need to ensure you have the correct lighting and a good place to film the podcast.

Many audio podcasts are recorded in studios that absorb sound to prevent background sound interference. You can achieve this by hanging drapes, carpets, egg boxes or other soft materials that absorb sound.

Now you are switching to video podcasting, it is a good idea to make the recording space as dark as possible and to introduce lighting. That way you can control the light coming into the studio and focus on the participants, rather than other distractions. Black out curtains can be a great idea for the podcast studio because it enables you to fully control the light that you want your podcast camera to pick up.

How are Science and Technology Related?

Science and Technology?  You can’t have one without the other. Science is the study of all of the natural world and how it works. Technology helps us find ways to apply what we have learned and helps us increase discoveries via specialised tools.

In human biology, science and technology work together to create a greater understanding of the human body as well as improve how any necessary treatment is to be achieved. From the simple blood test to life saving cancer surgery, technology finds ways to measure the body’s vital responses and find solutions at all levels.

There is a lot we still don’t know about how the body works. And because the body is so complicated, no medical expert can fully understand every part of it and all its complexities. Your heart specialist for example is not the best authority for a fractured bone. An endocrinologist understands hormones yet may not offer the best advice for a neurological condition.

The problem is that for many health conditions, many parts of the body are interrelated and there is no holistic approach that considers the body as a whole rather than a separate range of compartmentalised symptoms.

One health aspect, on which all health experts agree, is the importance of vitamin C. Your body needs this essential vitamin on a daily basis in order to protect it from many medical conditions and maintain health, yet many people never even consider it.

You can only obtain vitamin C via diet and it is present in all fresh fruits and vegetables, yet owing to the modern day diet of processed food most of us lack this vital component in our daily diet. Your body cannot store or make vitamin C; it has to be ingested every day to provide protection.

Liposomal Vitamin C is a great example of science and technology working together. It comes from Core Med Science who have developed a way to deliver your daily requirements of vitamin C straight into your blood system.

There are numerous vitamin C tablets and supplements on the market but owing to their construction, most of the vitamin C is unabsorbed by the blood stream. And even if you up your fruit consumption and try to consume as much vitamin c as possible, only 18% will get into the blood stream and it often leads to digestive problems such as diarrhoea as a result.

Liposomal vitamin C offers something different. The scientists at Core Medical Science (CMS) have developed the technology to deliver the full RDA of vitamin C direct into the blood system by bypassing the digestive process.

Liposomal Vitamin C is in liquid form. The vitamin dose is protected by natural phospholipids which are microscopic spheres of fat and as this substance is already part of our cell membranes, it enables the body to fully absorb vitamin C without losing any of the serving size or causing digestive side effects.

Thanks to Liposomal Vitamin C you can now maintain your body’s Vitamin C levels in one daily dose.  So if you care about your health today and long term, taking this scientifically designed supplement is the best thing you can do for your own health and for your family.

Translucent Tech Gadgets Could Be a New Trend (Again)

Back in the 90s, there was a craze for see through plastic toys, gizmos, and tech. Fast forward 30 years and guess what!  The trend for translucent tech gadgets is looking to make a comeback. So, could translucent tech gadgets become a new trend again? For anyone that is old enough to remember, this trend was annoying first-time round, but in style and fashion everything makes a comeback eventually.

The Nothing company headed by designer Carl Pei (recently of One Plus) has promised to revolutionise modern tech design and for this he has looked to the past craze for translucent tech. The company is launching a new brand of wireless earbuds which are completely translucent and look likely to become popular with a whole new audience.

The translucent ear buds are completely transparent. They are not on the market yet and advertising is proving to be a problem. The issue is that the clear plastic earbuds are impossible to see in a picture so until they can be held in the hand it is anyone’s guess what they really look like.

In addition, Carl Pei has stated that creating translucent technology is extremely difficult. All the component parts including screws and batteries must be equally clear or the whole illusion will be spoiled. That said they seemed to have achieved this aim because as far as we can see from the few pictures available, the ear buds do seem to be completely transparent.

Carl Pei says that the Nothing company aims to eliminate branding such as logos from their tech products so that all that is left for the customer is raw technology. However, this doesn’t mean that the customer is in any doubt of the brand because if it is translucent and logo free, then only one company is doing this right now. This means the product itself is the brand logo!

Translucent tech already has a niche following with gamers looking for 90s retro appeal. And in recent years some tech companies have dabbled with translucent tech gadgets such as Xiaomi ‘s transparent TV. The big question is whether people who grew up in the 90s will have such fond memories of see-through tech that they will want to revisit it today?

At the end of the day, the longevity and lasting appeal of the Nothing translucent earbuds will depend upon their sound quality and comfort as well as the price. They will undoubtedly become fashionable with millenials but whether this craze lasts are anyone’s guess.

One major issue with the Nothing translucent ear buds in a see-through case is that they will be hard to find. Many of us already struggle with locating our earbuds because they are so small so often get forgotten in a bag or drawer. Imagine the problems with searching for your see-through ear buds when they are so hard to see that they are practically invisible.

Female Superpowers in Silicon Valley

Silicon Valley has long had a reputation for being a male dominated industry. However, things have changed in recent years and today women are making more of a mark in technology and business and as community leaders. About time too, we say. After all, if you want something done efficiently a busy woman will deliver, whereas a man …. well let’s just leave that thought there…

So, let’s check out some of the female superpowers in Silicon Valley. We can’t include them all but here is just a quick cross section of some of the women of influence, according to the Silicon Valley Business Journal.

Laura Lee Norris is an associate clinical professor at Santa Clara Law. She is also the founder of the Tech Edge JD Program which provides graduates with legal, business and technology education. Her Entrepreneurs Law Clinic has provided start ups with legal advice and she has helped countless new business flourish. Laura is one of the few women operating in Tech Law and works hard to bring STEM to women in Africa and the Middle East.

Renee DiResta is the Technical Research Manager at Stanford Internet Observatory and is all about understanding the role of tech platforms and how they spread misinformation and conspiracy theories. She has advised Congress, the State Dept and other academic and public bodies on how to manage disinformation spread over the internet platforms.

Tamar Serna is a corporate accountant who has been nominated a Woman of Influence in Silicon Valley’s awards. She is the controller at Integral Development Corp, the developers of the FX Grid, described as a global multi sided trading facility. We are not sure what this means but it sounds incredibly important!

Elizabeth Holmes is the founder and CEO of Theranos. She became the youngest self-made billionaire when she was in her 30s and her company is all about helping people get the medical care they need.  Her company provides easy to use blood tests that customers can do themselves and then hand in to the pharmacy for only a few dollars. Once the blood test has been processed, the results show up on the customer’s phone. Simple!

Susan Wojcicki is the CEO of YouTube. She has Silicon Valley running through her veins and has been associated with many of the major tech companies, including Google in its early days and now YouTube. Influential and passionate about women’s rights, she is a female superpower to be reckoned with.

Susan Leary is the co founder of the Next-Door app. The app provides a way for people in neighbourhoods to communicate with each other and discuss local issues such as trade recommendations and even just pass the time of day. Previously holding high positions at both eBay and Microsoft, Susan Leary is passionate about the app which has already generated over $1 billion.

Best Tech Websites for Students

There are some great tech websites out there which are aimed at students and kids of all ages. So let’s take a look at some of the best tech websites for students. All our choices are fun to use, engaging and informative without the distraction of loads of clickbait articles to distract attention.

NASA Space Place

This website is a great place for kids to “explore Earth and Space” so is ideal for those who already have an interest in our planet and the great beyond as well those who are just getting started.

NASA Space Place is very well laid out and interactive. There are some great games as well as good quality information about the latest developments in science and tech. This site is extremely good for younger children with an interest in STEM subjects so it will help kids understand more about tech. If there is a downside, it is that it may need additional plug ins to run games and that older students may find it over simple.


As suggested by the name, the Code website aims to get you coding as soon as possible and it is ideal for kids or for novices. That said it is suitable for all levels of abilities from 4 year olds to college aged students. The site offers some great ways for kids to build code and tutorials include, building worlds on Minecraft, programming droids and more.

Code is popular with consumers. 30% of US students have an account on Code and with the aim of the site to support learning and computer science, signing up to this website is a great idea for kids and for people who would like to learn coding but don’t know where to start.

Kinetic City

Kinetic City is a whole science program online that helps kids learn all about different science topics. The site includes plenty of science experiments, games and challenges. One great feature is Science Gym which combines physical education with activities such as jumping and dancing where you can measure heart and pulse rate. We also like Spark Club which is all about energy and sustainability such as wind and solar power.


Aimed at elementary school children, Funology is the science of fun but despite this, the site is educational and it is fun too. Funology offers some great experiments that can be carried out using household items and some of the games are absorbing and fun to play. The only downsides about Funology are that the site is full of distracting pop ups and that this one is definitely aimed at the younger age group.

To find the best tech websites online for adults, check out our recommendations on the Techular website. That way you won’t waste time wading through hundreds of sites in order to get the information you want.

Women in Tech: The Top Influencers You Need to Know About

Women are under represented in the tech industry. A survey carried out in 2018 found that women make up only around 25% of the tech workforce and in most cases earn far less than their male colleagues. However although this makes for depressing reading, many women are smashing through the gender wall and helping to shape a more equal future.

There are thousands of influential women around the world working and influencing the tech industry. Let’s take a look at just a few of the top influencers you need to know about.

Susan Wojcicki – CEO of YouTube

Susan Wojcicki was Google’s first marketing manager and was only the 16th employee of the internet giant, back then an internet minnow! She suggested the acquisition of YouTube back in 2014 after her experience in the development of Google Images and Adsense.

Today Susan Wojcicki is the CEO of YouTube so is massively influential across the tech industry. “Tech is an incredible force that will change our world in ways we can’t anticipate. If that force is only 20 to 30% women, that is a problem,” she has said. She is very vocal in the movement to include more women in tech and has written of her experiences in articles including “How to Break up the Silicon Valley Boys’ Club.”

Kate Crawford, co founder of the AI Now Institute

Kate Crawford is an Australian author and influencer in the tech industry. She used to work as a senior researcher at Microsoft but today is the major voice against the use of facial recognition software which could transform society and not in a good way. She is the co founder of the AI Now Institute and highlights why using facial recognition could be so dangerous for all of us.

Kate Moussouris, founder and CEO of Luta Security

Kate Moussouris developed an interest in hacking when she was a girl, teaching herself to programme a Commodore 64 when she was in third grade.  This early interest led to a career in internet security , working for the US Dept of Defense as well as Microsoft. Her aim is to make the internet safer for everyone via her company Luta Security.

Ellen K Pao, CEO of Project Include

Ellen K Pao was the CEO of Reddit before founding Project Include a non profit organisation set up to improve diversity in the Tech Industry. She has led the battle against sexism in Silicon Valley.

We have only had time to include a few of these notable women here but it is inspiring to learn that so many women are involved in the tech industry at a high level. There is still much to do to improve diversity and gender equality in the tech industry but at least we do have some pioneers that show it is possible.

To keep up with the latest advances in technology and science, check out the Big Think website.

Why you’ll Love the Futuristic Elon Musk Cyber truck

Elon Musk seems to live on a different planet to the rest of us but there is no underestimating his role as one of the world’s original thinkers and designers. Now Elon Musk has come up with a new product for the Tesla range: the cybertruck. This is not yet in production but the company is already taking orders with a launch date predicted for sometime in the future!

So what is so special about the Elon Musk Cybertruck?

The Cybertruck is an all electric battery powered truck with a massive range of 500 miles before it needs recharging.  And according to the advertising the Cybertruck offers better utility than a truck and more performance than a sports car. It does 0 to 60 in 2.9 seconds and has a massive towing capacity and storage capacity.

The cybertruck  comes with autopilot as standard.  The “exoskeleton” of the car is made from stainless steel so it does look extremely hardwearing and rugged for all environments.

We love that the cybertruck has been designed with environmental concerns in mind. Similar non electric sized trucks are gas guzzling beasts but despite the meaty appearance of this truck, it utiilises alternative energy including solar panels so how cool is that!

Of course the most revolutionary aspect of the Cybertruck is the appearance. It looks like a cross between a futuristic space vehicle combined with a computer animation and teenage boy’s drawing. In truth it is an odd looking truck with straight edges and boxy design but it is certainly eye catching and wouldn’t look out of place in a movie about a dystopian future. We will all probably come to love it if it ever goes into production.

If you want to buy the Elon Musk cybertruck yourself you could be in for a wait. Production has not started yet but you can reserve your model with just $100 which is fully refundable should you change your mind.

According to the website once production starts you can finalise your specifications as there are differences between models. The Elon Musk Cyber truck so far exists only as a computer animation. Whether or not the truck will ever become standard is anyone‘s guess but it is impressive in the way that it has revolutionised auto design.

There are a few models available and you can customise your design. The most inexpensive model the single motor RWD costs $39,000, rising to $69,000 for tri motor AWD. You can opt for fully self driving model for an added $10,000

To find out more about the Elon Musk Cybertruck check out the Teslar website.  The prices are not beyond what you could expect to pay for an “ordinary “truck yet you do get far more for your money with this one.

After all what other truck in the world offers such rugged utility combined with sports car performance? We can’t wait to see the Elon Musk Cybertruck once it rolls off the production line.